Treatment of Eye Diseases
Healthy vision is as important to a newborn baby
as it is to someone who is 95 years old. Although most of us take
our sight for granted, diseases, accidents, infections, and age can
all endanger our vision. The human eye is a sophisticated organ,
comprised of numerous parts working together to provide clear
vision. It is similar to a camera.
Every comprehensive eye examination at Azman Eye
Care Specialists will assess the health of your eyes including a
screening, an evaluation of the internal and external structures of
your eyes to detect the presence of disease or other abnormalities
that may impair your vision or affect your general health.
To allow the doctor the best view of the internal structures of the
eye, your eyes may be dilated through the use of eye drops. These
drops cause the iris to open wide, giving the doctor a good view
inside your eye. By viewing the internal structures of your eyes,
your doctor can gain information about your general health as well
as the health of your eyes. Certain diseases can be first diagnosis
through your doctor's observation of changes he/she may notice in
the back of your eyes.
We encourage you to ask any of our doctors
questions about diseases including
macular degeneration, blepharitis, eye infections-pink eye,
flashes and floaters,
retinal tears and detachment, infectious ocular diseases,
allergic and inflammatory eye conditions,
Dry Eye Syndrome,
Keratoconus, etc. We will provide you with all the necessary
information and care you need to obtain the highest level of eye
Education + Experience +
Should treatment be necessary, you can take comfort in
knowing that Azman Eye Care Specialists doctors have
extensive experience in the surgical and medical
treatment of all ocular diseases, including cataract
diagnosis and surgery and glaucoma treatment.
We use the latest technologies to deliver outstanding
eye care services. Surgical and specialty care is
available from our affiliated sub-specialists (such as
retina, cornea, ocular plastics, and neurological eye
disease experts) to provide only the highest level of
The eyes are complex sensory organs. About 85% of
the total sensory input to our brains originates from our sense of
sight, while the other 15% comes from the other four senses of
hearing, smell, touch, and taste. The eyes are designed to optimize
vision under conditions of varying light. Their location, on the
outside of the face, makes them susceptible to trauma, environmental
chemicals and particles, and infectious agents. The eyelids and the
position of the eye within the bony orbital cavity are the major
protective mechanism for the eye.
Early detection and treatment could prevent
Many diseases can be prevented with education in basic
hygiene, proper nutrition and medical care.
Your best defense is to have regular checkups, because eye diseases
do not always have symptoms. See an eye care professional right away
if you have a sudden change in vision or everything looks dim or if
you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that need quick attention
are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye and inflammation.
Some Common Causes of Vision Loss
There are over 1 million Cataract operations performed annually in
the USA. Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure with a very
high success rate. Due to the lack of modern medical technology in
the developing world, it is also the world's leading cause of
blindness. Over 16 million people are blind from cataracts.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration - (AMD)
This is a degenerative disease of the macula; the macula is the part
of the retina responsible for central vision. There is no way yet of
repairing the vision that has been lost, but if detected early laser
surgery can help slow the progression of the disease. (AMD) is the
leading cause of vision loss in people over age 65. Eight million
people are legally blind from macular degeneration worldwide and as
the population ages this number is expected to grow.
This disease increases the fluid pressure inside the eye, leading to
loss of side vision and eventually total blindness. The increased
pressure destroys the optic nerve. With early detection, it can be
kept under control with pressure reducing eye drops and surgery.
Chances of developing it increase with age. There are over five
million people blind from glaucoma worldwide.
This complication of diabetes is a leading cause of blindness among
middle-aged Americans. The longer a person has had diabetes the more
apt they are to develop diabetic retinopathy. Laser surgery can slow
the progression of this disease along with management of blood
glucose levels. There are 2.4 million people blind from retinopathy
Retinitis Pigmentosa - (RP)
This rare inherited degenerative disease slowly destroys the retina.
Signs of (RP) first show up in early childhood. The side vision is
lost first. The Disease progresses over many years leaving the
person with only a small portion of their central vision. There is
on cure for (RP) yet. There are 1.6 million people blind from (RP)
Over 1 million people are blind worldwide from eye injuries. 90% of
injuries can be avoided by using proper eye protection. If you are
reading this page now because you or a loved one has an eye injury,
turn your computer off and get medical attention. Any eye injury is
a medical emergency.
Optic Nerve Hypoplasia
With this birth defect the optic nerve that connects the eye to the
brain has not developed properly, it is underdeveloped. This happens
before birth leaving the child with mild to sever vision loss. In
most cases, there is no known cause.
Retinopathy of Prematurity - (ROP)
This is an eye disease of premature babies. Soon after birth,
abnormal blood vessels start to grow on the retina eventually
destroying it. No one is quite sure what causes this disease, but
premature birth and low birth weight are thought to be the main
causes. With modern medical procedures, only 400 babies a year go
blind from this condition. In the 1950's the number of babies blind
from (ROP) reached epidemic proportions.
Neurological Visual Impairment (NVI)
Children with (NVI) have normal eyes, but a part of the brain
responsible for seeing is damaged. It can be caused from a lack of
oxygen before, during, and after birth. Diseases like meningitis or
traumatic brain injury can also cause it. Many of the children with
(NVI) are multihandicapped. Vision loss can be temporary or last a
With this inherited birth defect, people have no pigment or reduced
pigment in their eyes, skin and hair. This pigment called melanin is
needed for the full development of the retina. Children with this
condition have mild to sever vision loss and are very light
Coloboma is a Greek word, which means mutilation. People with
Coloboma are missing a portion of the structure of the eye. The
human eye develops between the fourth and fifteenth week of
pregnancy. As the eye starts to develop, a gap opens on the
underside of each eye bud. This gap provides a way for the
developing eye to be nourished. This gap, called the optic fissure,
has to close before the eye is fully developed. Coloboma is the
incomplete closer of the optic fissure. Gaps can occur in the
eyelid, iris, ciliary body, lens, retina, macula, choroid and optic
disc. It can cause from mild to sever vision loss. Coloboma occurs
in about 1 in 10,000 births.
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